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pageant.c

/*
 * Pageant: the PuTTY Authentication Agent.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <tchar.h>

#include "putty.h"
#include "ssh.h"
#include "misc.h"
#include "tree234.h"

#include <shellapi.h>

#ifndef NO_SECURITY
#include <aclapi.h>
#endif

#define IDI_MAINICON 200
#define IDI_TRAYICON 201

#define WM_XUSER     (WM_USER + 0x2000)
#define WM_SYSTRAY   (WM_XUSER + 6)
#define WM_SYSTRAY2  (WM_XUSER + 7)

#define AGENT_COPYDATA_ID 0x804e50ba   /* random goop */

/*
 * FIXME: maybe some day we can sort this out ...
 */
#define AGENT_MAX_MSGLEN  8192

#define IDM_CLOSE    0x0010
#define IDM_VIEWKEYS 0x0020
#define IDM_ADDKEY   0x0030
#define IDM_HELP     0x0040
#define IDM_ABOUT    0x0050

#define APPNAME "Pageant"

extern char ver[];

static HINSTANCE instance;
static HWND main_hwnd;
static HWND keylist;
static HWND aboutbox;
static HMENU systray_menu, session_menu;
static int already_running;
static int requested_help;

char *help_path;
static char *putty_path;

#define IDM_PUTTY         0x0060
#define IDM_SESSIONS_BASE 0x1000
#define IDM_SESSIONS_MAX  0x2000
#define PUTTY_REGKEY      "Software\\SimonTatham\\PuTTY\\Sessions"
#define PUTTY_DEFAULT     "Default%20Settings"
static int initial_menuitems_count;

/*
 * Print a modal (Really Bad) message box and perform a fatal exit.
 */
void modalfatalbox(char *fmt, ...)
{
    va_list ap;
    char *buf;

    va_start(ap, fmt);
    buf = dupvprintf(fmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    MessageBox(main_hwnd, buf, "Pageant Fatal Error",
             MB_SYSTEMMODAL | MB_ICONERROR | MB_OK);
    sfree(buf);
    exit(1);
}

/* Un-munge session names out of the registry. */
static void unmungestr(char *in, char *out, int outlen)
{
    while (*in) {
      if (*in == '%' && in[1] && in[2]) {
          int i, j;

          i = in[1] - '0';
          i -= (i > 9 ? 7 : 0);
          j = in[2] - '0';
          j -= (j > 9 ? 7 : 0);

          *out++ = (i << 4) + j;
          if (!--outlen)
            return;
          in += 3;
      } else {
          *out++ = *in++;
          if (!--outlen)
            return;
      }
    }
    *out = '\0';
    return;
}

static tree234 *rsakeys, *ssh2keys;

static int has_security;
#ifndef NO_SECURITY
typedef DWORD(WINAPI * gsi_fn_t)
 (HANDLE, SE_OBJECT_TYPE, SECURITY_INFORMATION,
  PSID *, PSID *, PACL *, PACL *, PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR *);
static gsi_fn_t getsecurityinfo;
#endif

/*
 * Forward references
 */
static void *make_keylist1(int *length);
static void *make_keylist2(int *length);
static void *get_keylist1(int *length);
static void *get_keylist2(int *length);

/*
 * We need this to link with the RSA code, because rsaencrypt()
 * pads its data with random bytes. Since we only use rsadecrypt()
 * and the signing functions, which are deterministic, this should
 * never be called.
 *
 * If it _is_ called, there is a _serious_ problem, because it
 * won't generate true random numbers. So we must scream, panic,
 * and exit immediately if that should happen.
 */
int random_byte(void)
{
    MessageBox(main_hwnd, "Internal Error", APPNAME, MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
    exit(0);
    /* this line can't be reached but it placates MSVC's warnings :-) */
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Blob structure for passing to the asymmetric SSH2 key compare
 * function, prototyped here.
 */
struct blob {
    unsigned char *blob;
    int len;
};
static int cmpkeys_ssh2_asymm(void *av, void *bv);

#define GET_32BIT(cp) \
    (((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[0] << 24) | \
    ((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[1] << 16) | \
    ((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[2] << 8) | \
    ((unsigned long)(unsigned char)(cp)[3]))

#define PUT_32BIT(cp, value) { \
    (cp)[0] = (unsigned char)((value) >> 24); \
    (cp)[1] = (unsigned char)((value) >> 16); \
    (cp)[2] = (unsigned char)((value) >> 8); \
    (cp)[3] = (unsigned char)(value); }

#define PASSPHRASE_MAXLEN 512

struct PassphraseProcStruct {
    char *passphrase;
    char *comment;
};

static tree234 *passphrases = NULL;

/* 
 * After processing a list of filenames, we want to forget the
 * passphrases.
 */
static void forget_passphrases(void)
{
    while (count234(passphrases) > 0) {
      char *pp = index234(passphrases, 0);
      memset(pp, 0, strlen(pp));
      delpos234(passphrases, 0);
      free(pp);
    }
}

/*
 * Dialog-box function for the Licence box.
 */
static int CALLBACK LicenceProc(HWND hwnd, UINT msg,
                        WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    switch (msg) {
      case WM_INITDIALOG:
      return 1;
      case WM_COMMAND:
      switch (LOWORD(wParam)) {
        case IDOK:
          EndDialog(hwnd, 1);
          return 0;
      }
      return 0;
      case WM_CLOSE:
      EndDialog(hwnd, 1);
      return 0;
    }
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Dialog-box function for the About box.
 */
static int CALLBACK AboutProc(HWND hwnd, UINT msg,
                        WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    switch (msg) {
      case WM_INITDIALOG:
      SetDlgItemText(hwnd, 100, ver);
      return 1;
      case WM_COMMAND:
      switch (LOWORD(wParam)) {
        case IDOK:
          aboutbox = NULL;
          DestroyWindow(hwnd);
          return 0;
        case 101:
          EnableWindow(hwnd, 0);
          DialogBox(instance, MAKEINTRESOURCE(214), hwnd, LicenceProc);
          EnableWindow(hwnd, 1);
          SetActiveWindow(hwnd);
          return 0;
      }
      return 0;
      case WM_CLOSE:
      aboutbox = NULL;
      DestroyWindow(hwnd);
      return 0;
    }
    return 0;
}

static HWND passphrase_box;

/*
 * Dialog-box function for the passphrase box.
 */
static int CALLBACK PassphraseProc(HWND hwnd, UINT msg,
                           WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    static char *passphrase = NULL;
    struct PassphraseProcStruct *p;

    switch (msg) {
      case WM_INITDIALOG:
      passphrase_box = hwnd;
      /*
       * Centre the window.
       */
      {                        /* centre the window */
          RECT rs, rd;
          HWND hw;

          hw = GetDesktopWindow();
          if (GetWindowRect(hw, &rs) && GetWindowRect(hwnd, &rd))
            MoveWindow(hwnd,
                     (rs.right + rs.left + rd.left - rd.right) / 2,
                     (rs.bottom + rs.top + rd.top - rd.bottom) / 2,
                     rd.right - rd.left, rd.bottom - rd.top, TRUE);
      }

      SetForegroundWindow(hwnd);
      SetWindowPos(hwnd, HWND_TOP, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                 SWP_NOMOVE | SWP_NOSIZE | SWP_SHOWWINDOW);
      p = (struct PassphraseProcStruct *) lParam;
      passphrase = p->passphrase;
      if (p->comment)
          SetDlgItemText(hwnd, 101, p->comment);
      *passphrase = 0;
      SetDlgItemText(hwnd, 102, passphrase);
      return 0;
      case WM_COMMAND:
      switch (LOWORD(wParam)) {
        case IDOK:
          if (*passphrase)
            EndDialog(hwnd, 1);
          else
            MessageBeep(0);
          return 0;
        case IDCANCEL:
          EndDialog(hwnd, 0);
          return 0;
        case 102:              /* edit box */
          if ((HIWORD(wParam) == EN_CHANGE) && passphrase) {
            GetDlgItemText(hwnd, 102, passphrase,
                         PASSPHRASE_MAXLEN - 1);
            passphrase[PASSPHRASE_MAXLEN - 1] = '\0';
          }
          return 0;
      }
      return 0;
      case WM_CLOSE:
      EndDialog(hwnd, 0);
      return 0;
    }
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Warn about the obsolescent key file format.
 */
void old_keyfile_warning(void)
{
    static const char mbtitle[] = "PuTTY Key File Warning";
    static const char message[] =
      "You are loading an SSH 2 private key which has an\n"
      "old version of the file format. This means your key\n"
      "file is not fully tamperproof. Future versions of\n"
      "PuTTY may stop supporting this private key format,\n"
      "so we recommend you convert your key to the new\n"
      "format.\n"
      "\n"
      "You can perform this conversion by loading the key\n"
      "into PuTTYgen and then saving it again.";

    MessageBox(NULL, message, mbtitle, MB_OK);
}

/*
 * Update the visible key list.
 */
static void keylist_update(void)
{
    struct RSAKey *rkey;
    struct ssh2_userkey *skey;
    int i;

    if (keylist) {
      SendDlgItemMessage(keylist, 100, LB_RESETCONTENT, 0, 0);
      for (i = 0; NULL != (rkey = index234(rsakeys, i)); i++) {
          char listentry[512], *p;
          /*
           * Replace two spaces in the fingerprint with tabs, for
           * nice alignment in the box.
           */
          strcpy(listentry, "ssh1\t");
          p = listentry + strlen(listentry);
          rsa_fingerprint(p, sizeof(listentry) - (p - listentry), rkey);
          p = strchr(listentry, ' ');
          if (p)
            *p = '\t';
          p = strchr(listentry, ' ');
          if (p)
            *p = '\t';
          SendDlgItemMessage(keylist, 100, LB_ADDSTRING,
                         0, (LPARAM) listentry);
      }
      for (i = 0; NULL != (skey = index234(ssh2keys, i)); i++) {
          char listentry[512], *p;
          int len;
          /*
           * Replace two spaces in the fingerprint with tabs, for
           * nice alignment in the box.
           */
          p = skey->alg->fingerprint(skey->data);
          strncpy(listentry, p, sizeof(listentry));
          p = strchr(listentry, ' ');
          if (p)
            *p = '\t';
          p = strchr(listentry, ' ');
          if (p)
            *p = '\t';
          len = strlen(listentry);
          if (len < sizeof(listentry) - 2) {
            listentry[len] = '\t';
            strncpy(listentry + len + 1, skey->comment,
                  sizeof(listentry) - len - 1);
          }
          SendDlgItemMessage(keylist, 100, LB_ADDSTRING, 0,
                         (LPARAM) listentry);
      }
      SendDlgItemMessage(keylist, 100, LB_SETCURSEL, (WPARAM) - 1, 0);
    }
}

/*
 * This function loads a key from a file and adds it.
 */
static void add_keyfile(Filename filename)
{
    char passphrase[PASSPHRASE_MAXLEN];
    struct RSAKey *rkey = NULL;
    struct ssh2_userkey *skey = NULL;
    int needs_pass;
    int ret;
    int attempts;
    char *comment;
    struct PassphraseProcStruct pps;
    int type;
    int original_pass;
      
    type = key_type(&filename);
    if (type != SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1 && type != SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH2) {
      char msg[256];
      sprintf(msg, "Couldn't load this key (%s)", key_type_to_str(type));
      MessageBox(NULL, msg, APPNAME, MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
      return;
    }

    /*
     * See if the key is already loaded (in the primary Pageant,
     * which may or may not be us).
     */
    {
      void *blob;
      unsigned char *keylist, *p;
      int i, nkeys, bloblen, keylistlen;

      if (type == SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1) {
          if (!rsakey_pubblob(&filename, &blob, &bloblen, NULL)) {
            MessageBox(NULL, "Couldn't load private key.", APPNAME,
                     MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
            return;
          }
          keylist = get_keylist1(&keylistlen);
      } else {
          unsigned char *blob2;
          blob = ssh2_userkey_loadpub(&filename, NULL, &bloblen, NULL);
          if (!blob) {
            MessageBox(NULL, "Couldn't load private key.", APPNAME,
                     MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
            return;
          }
          /* For our purposes we want the blob prefixed with its length */
          blob2 = snewn(bloblen+4, unsigned char);
          PUT_32BIT(blob2, bloblen);
          memcpy(blob2 + 4, blob, bloblen);
          sfree(blob);
          blob = blob2;

          keylist = get_keylist2(&keylistlen);
      }
      if (keylist) {
          if (keylistlen < 4) {
            MessageBox(NULL, "Received broken key list?!", APPNAME,
                     MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
            return;
          }
          nkeys = GET_32BIT(keylist);
          p = keylist + 4;
          keylistlen -= 4;

          for (i = 0; i < nkeys; i++) {
            if (!memcmp(blob, p, bloblen)) {
                /* Key is already present; we can now leave. */
                sfree(keylist);
                sfree(blob);
                return;
            }
            /* Now skip over public blob */
            if (type == SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1) {
                int n = rsa_public_blob_len(p, keylistlen);
                if (n < 0) {
                  MessageBox(NULL, "Received broken key list?!", APPNAME,
                           MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
                  return;
                }
                p += n;
                keylistlen -= n;
            } else {
                int n;
                if (keylistlen < 4) {
                  MessageBox(NULL, "Received broken key list?!", APPNAME,
                           MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
                  return;
                }
                n = 4 + GET_32BIT(p);
                if (keylistlen < n) {
                  MessageBox(NULL, "Received broken key list?!", APPNAME,
                           MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
                  return;
                }
                p += n;
                keylistlen -= n;
            }
            /* Now skip over comment field */
            {
                int n;
                if (keylistlen < 4) {
                  MessageBox(NULL, "Received broken key list?!", APPNAME,
                           MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
                  return;
                }
                n = 4 + GET_32BIT(p);
                if (keylistlen < n) {
                  MessageBox(NULL, "Received broken key list?!", APPNAME,
                           MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
                  return;
                }
                p += n;
                keylistlen -= n;
            }
          }

          sfree(keylist);
      }

      sfree(blob);
    }

    if (type == SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1)
      needs_pass = rsakey_encrypted(&filename, &comment);
    else
      needs_pass = ssh2_userkey_encrypted(&filename, &comment);
    attempts = 0;
    if (type == SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1)
      rkey = snew(struct RSAKey);
    pps.passphrase = passphrase;
    pps.comment = comment;
    original_pass = 0;
    do {
      if (needs_pass) {
          /* try all the remembered passphrases first */
          char *pp = index234(passphrases, attempts);
          if(pp) {
            strcpy(passphrase, pp);
          } else {
            int dlgret;
            original_pass = 1;
            dlgret = DialogBoxParam(instance, MAKEINTRESOURCE(210),
                              NULL, PassphraseProc, (LPARAM) & pps);
            passphrase_box = NULL;
            if (!dlgret) {
                if (comment)
                  sfree(comment);
                if (type == SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1)
                  sfree(rkey);
                return;              /* operation cancelled */
            }
          }
      } else
          *passphrase = '\0';
      if (type == SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1)
          ret = loadrsakey(&filename, rkey, passphrase, NULL);
      else {
          skey = ssh2_load_userkey(&filename, passphrase, NULL);
          if (skey == SSH2_WRONG_PASSPHRASE)
            ret = -1;
          else if (!skey)
            ret = 0;
          else
            ret = 1;
      }
      attempts++;
    } while (ret == -1);

    /* if they typed in an ok passphrase, remember it */
    if(original_pass && ret) {
      char *pp = dupstr(passphrase);
      addpos234(passphrases, pp, 0);
    }

    if (comment)
      sfree(comment);
    if (ret == 0) {
      MessageBox(NULL, "Couldn't load private key.", APPNAME,
               MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
      if (type == SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1)
          sfree(rkey);
      return;
    }
    if (type == SSH_KEYTYPE_SSH1) {
      if (already_running) {
          unsigned char *request, *response;
          void *vresponse;
          int reqlen, clen, resplen, ret;

          clen = strlen(rkey->comment);

          reqlen = 4 + 1 +           /* length, message type */
            4 +                /* bit count */
            ssh1_bignum_length(rkey->modulus) +
            ssh1_bignum_length(rkey->exponent) +
            ssh1_bignum_length(rkey->private_exponent) +
            ssh1_bignum_length(rkey->iqmp) +
            ssh1_bignum_length(rkey->p) +
            ssh1_bignum_length(rkey->q) + 4 + clen    /* comment */
            ;

          request = snewn(reqlen, unsigned char);

          request[4] = SSH1_AGENTC_ADD_RSA_IDENTITY;
          reqlen = 5;
          PUT_32BIT(request + reqlen, bignum_bitcount(rkey->modulus));
          reqlen += 4;
          reqlen += ssh1_write_bignum(request + reqlen, rkey->modulus);
          reqlen += ssh1_write_bignum(request + reqlen, rkey->exponent);
          reqlen +=
            ssh1_write_bignum(request + reqlen,
                          rkey->private_exponent);
          reqlen += ssh1_write_bignum(request + reqlen, rkey->iqmp);
          reqlen += ssh1_write_bignum(request + reqlen, rkey->p);
          reqlen += ssh1_write_bignum(request + reqlen, rkey->q);
          PUT_32BIT(request + reqlen, clen);
          memcpy(request + reqlen + 4, rkey->comment, clen);
          reqlen += 4 + clen;
          PUT_32BIT(request, reqlen - 4);

          ret = agent_query(request, reqlen, &vresponse, &resplen,
                        NULL, NULL);
          assert(ret == 1);
          response = vresponse;
          if (resplen < 5 || response[4] != SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS)
            MessageBox(NULL, "The already running Pageant "
                     "refused to add the key.", APPNAME,
                     MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);

          sfree(request);
          sfree(response);
      } else {
          if (add234(rsakeys, rkey) != rkey)
            sfree(rkey);             /* already present, don't waste RAM */
      }
    } else {
      if (already_running) {
          unsigned char *request, *response;
          void *vresponse;
          int reqlen, alglen, clen, keybloblen, resplen, ret;
          alglen = strlen(skey->alg->name);
          clen = strlen(skey->comment);

          keybloblen = skey->alg->openssh_fmtkey(skey->data, NULL, 0);

          reqlen = 4 + 1 +           /* length, message type */
            4 + alglen +             /* algorithm name */
            keybloblen +             /* key data */
            4 + clen           /* comment */
            ;

          request = snewn(reqlen, unsigned char);

          request[4] = SSH2_AGENTC_ADD_IDENTITY;
          reqlen = 5;
          PUT_32BIT(request + reqlen, alglen);
          reqlen += 4;
          memcpy(request + reqlen, skey->alg->name, alglen);
          reqlen += alglen;
          reqlen += skey->alg->openssh_fmtkey(skey->data,
                                    request + reqlen,
                                    keybloblen);
          PUT_32BIT(request + reqlen, clen);
          memcpy(request + reqlen + 4, skey->comment, clen);
          reqlen += clen + 4;
          PUT_32BIT(request, reqlen - 4);

          ret = agent_query(request, reqlen, &vresponse, &resplen,
                        NULL, NULL);
          assert(ret == 1);
          response = vresponse;
          if (resplen < 5 || response[4] != SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS)
            MessageBox(NULL, "The already running Pageant "
                     "refused to add the key.", APPNAME,
                     MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);

          sfree(request);
          sfree(response);
      } else {
          if (add234(ssh2keys, skey) != skey) {
            skey->alg->freekey(skey->data);
            sfree(skey);             /* already present, don't waste RAM */
          }
      }
    }
}

/*
 * Create an SSH1 key list in a malloc'ed buffer; return its
 * length.
 */
static void *make_keylist1(int *length)
{
    int i, nkeys, len;
    struct RSAKey *key;
    unsigned char *blob, *p, *ret;
    int bloblen;

    /*
     * Count up the number and length of keys we hold.
     */
    len = 4;
    nkeys = 0;
    for (i = 0; NULL != (key = index234(rsakeys, i)); i++) {
      nkeys++;
      blob = rsa_public_blob(key, &bloblen);
      len += bloblen;
      sfree(blob);
      len += 4 + strlen(key->comment);
    }

    /* Allocate the buffer. */
    p = ret = snewn(len, unsigned char);
    if (length) *length = len;

    PUT_32BIT(p, nkeys);
    p += 4;
    for (i = 0; NULL != (key = index234(rsakeys, i)); i++) {
      blob = rsa_public_blob(key, &bloblen);
      memcpy(p, blob, bloblen);
      p += bloblen;
      sfree(blob);
      PUT_32BIT(p, strlen(key->comment));
      memcpy(p + 4, key->comment, strlen(key->comment));
      p += 4 + strlen(key->comment);
    }

    assert(p - ret == len);
    return ret;
}

/*
 * Create an SSH2 key list in a malloc'ed buffer; return its
 * length.
 */
static void *make_keylist2(int *length)
{
    struct ssh2_userkey *key;
    int i, len, nkeys;
    unsigned char *blob, *p, *ret;
    int bloblen;

    /*
     * Count up the number and length of keys we hold.
     */
    len = 4;
    nkeys = 0;
    for (i = 0; NULL != (key = index234(ssh2keys, i)); i++) {
      nkeys++;
      len += 4;          /* length field */
      blob = key->alg->public_blob(key->data, &bloblen);
      len += bloblen;
      sfree(blob);
      len += 4 + strlen(key->comment);
    }

    /* Allocate the buffer. */
    p = ret = snewn(len, unsigned char);
    if (length) *length = len;

    /*
     * Packet header is the obvious five bytes, plus four
     * bytes for the key count.
     */
    PUT_32BIT(p, nkeys);
    p += 4;
    for (i = 0; NULL != (key = index234(ssh2keys, i)); i++) {
      blob = key->alg->public_blob(key->data, &bloblen);
      PUT_32BIT(p, bloblen);
      p += 4;
      memcpy(p, blob, bloblen);
      p += bloblen;
      sfree(blob);
      PUT_32BIT(p, strlen(key->comment));
      memcpy(p + 4, key->comment, strlen(key->comment));
      p += 4 + strlen(key->comment);
    }

    assert(p - ret == len);
    return ret;
}

/*
 * Acquire a keylist1 from the primary Pageant; this means either
 * calling make_keylist1 (if that's us) or sending a message to the
 * primary Pageant (if it's not).
 */
static void *get_keylist1(int *length)
{
    void *ret;

    if (already_running) {
      unsigned char request[5], *response;
      void *vresponse;
      int resplen, retval;
      request[4] = SSH1_AGENTC_REQUEST_RSA_IDENTITIES;
      PUT_32BIT(request, 4);

      retval = agent_query(request, 5, &vresponse, &resplen, NULL, NULL);
      assert(retval == 1);
      response = vresponse;
      if (resplen < 5 || response[4] != SSH1_AGENT_RSA_IDENTITIES_ANSWER)
          return NULL;

      ret = snewn(resplen-5, unsigned char);
      memcpy(ret, response+5, resplen-5);
      sfree(response);

      if (length)
          *length = resplen-5;
    } else {
      ret = make_keylist1(length);
    }
    return ret;
}

/*
 * Acquire a keylist2 from the primary Pageant; this means either
 * calling make_keylist2 (if that's us) or sending a message to the
 * primary Pageant (if it's not).
 */
static void *get_keylist2(int *length)
{
    void *ret;

    if (already_running) {
      unsigned char request[5], *response;
      void *vresponse;
      int resplen, retval;

      request[4] = SSH2_AGENTC_REQUEST_IDENTITIES;
      PUT_32BIT(request, 4);

      retval = agent_query(request, 5, &vresponse, &resplen, NULL, NULL);
      assert(retval == 1);
      response = vresponse;
      if (resplen < 5 || response[4] != SSH2_AGENT_IDENTITIES_ANSWER)
          return NULL;

      ret = snewn(resplen-5, unsigned char);
      memcpy(ret, response+5, resplen-5);
      sfree(response);

      if (length)
          *length = resplen-5;
    } else {
      ret = make_keylist2(length);
    }
    return ret;
}

/*
 * This is the main agent function that answers messages.
 */
static void answer_msg(void *msg)
{
    unsigned char *p = msg;
    unsigned char *ret = msg;
    unsigned char *msgend;
    int type;

    /*
     * Get the message length.
     */
    msgend = p + 4 + GET_32BIT(p);

    /*
     * Get the message type.
     */
    if (msgend < p+5)
      goto failure;
    type = p[4];

    p += 5;
    switch (type) {
      case SSH1_AGENTC_REQUEST_RSA_IDENTITIES:
      /*
       * Reply with SSH1_AGENT_RSA_IDENTITIES_ANSWER.
       */
      {
          int len;
          void *keylist;

          ret[4] = SSH1_AGENT_RSA_IDENTITIES_ANSWER;
          keylist = make_keylist1(&len);
          if (len + 5 > AGENT_MAX_MSGLEN) {
            sfree(keylist);
            goto failure;
          }
          PUT_32BIT(ret, len + 1);
          memcpy(ret + 5, keylist, len);
          sfree(keylist);
      }
      break;
      case SSH2_AGENTC_REQUEST_IDENTITIES:
      /*
       * Reply with SSH2_AGENT_IDENTITIES_ANSWER.
       */
      {
          int len;
          void *keylist;

          ret[4] = SSH2_AGENT_IDENTITIES_ANSWER;
          keylist = make_keylist2(&len);
          if (len + 5 > AGENT_MAX_MSGLEN) {
            sfree(keylist);
            goto failure;
          }
          PUT_32BIT(ret, len + 1);
          memcpy(ret + 5, keylist, len);
          sfree(keylist);
      }
      break;
      case SSH1_AGENTC_RSA_CHALLENGE:
      /*
       * Reply with either SSH1_AGENT_RSA_RESPONSE or
       * SSH_AGENT_FAILURE, depending on whether we have that key
       * or not.
       */
      {
          struct RSAKey reqkey, *key;
          Bignum challenge, response;
          unsigned char response_source[48], response_md5[16];
          struct MD5Context md5c;
          int i, len;

          p += 4;
          i = ssh1_read_bignum(p, msgend - p, &reqkey.exponent);
          if (i < 0)
            goto failure;
          p += i;
          i = ssh1_read_bignum(p, msgend - p, &reqkey.modulus);
          if (i < 0)
            goto failure;
          p += i;
          i = ssh1_read_bignum(p, msgend - p, &challenge);
          if (i < 0)
            goto failure;
          p += i;
          if (msgend < p+16) {
            freebn(reqkey.exponent);
            freebn(reqkey.modulus);
            freebn(challenge);
            goto failure;
          }
          memcpy(response_source + 32, p, 16);
          p += 16;
          if (msgend < p+4 ||
            GET_32BIT(p) != 1 ||
            (key = find234(rsakeys, &reqkey, NULL)) == NULL) {
            freebn(reqkey.exponent);
            freebn(reqkey.modulus);
            freebn(challenge);
            goto failure;
          }
          response = rsadecrypt(challenge, key);
          for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
            response_source[i] = bignum_byte(response, 31 - i);

          MD5Init(&md5c);
          MD5Update(&md5c, response_source, 48);
          MD5Final(response_md5, &md5c);
          memset(response_source, 0, 48); /* burn the evidence */
          freebn(response);          /* and that evidence */
          freebn(challenge);         /* yes, and that evidence */
          freebn(reqkey.exponent);   /* and free some memory ... */
          freebn(reqkey.modulus);    /* ... while we're at it. */

          /*
           * Packet is the obvious five byte header, plus sixteen
           * bytes of MD5.
           */
          len = 5 + 16;
          PUT_32BIT(ret, len - 4);
          ret[4] = SSH1_AGENT_RSA_RESPONSE;
          memcpy(ret + 5, response_md5, 16);
      }
      break;
      case SSH2_AGENTC_SIGN_REQUEST:
      /*
       * Reply with either SSH2_AGENT_SIGN_RESPONSE or
       * SSH_AGENT_FAILURE, depending on whether we have that key
       * or not.
       */
      {
          struct ssh2_userkey *key;
          struct blob b;
          unsigned char *data, *signature;
          int datalen, siglen, len;

          if (msgend < p+4)
            goto failure;
          b.len = GET_32BIT(p);
          p += 4;
          if (msgend < p+b.len)
            goto failure;
          b.blob = p;
          p += b.len;
          if (msgend < p+4)
            goto failure;
          datalen = GET_32BIT(p);
          p += 4;
          if (msgend < p+datalen)
            goto failure;
          data = p;
          key = find234(ssh2keys, &b, cmpkeys_ssh2_asymm);
          if (!key)
            goto failure;
          signature = key->alg->sign(key->data, data, datalen, &siglen);
          len = 5 + 4 + siglen;
          PUT_32BIT(ret, len - 4);
          ret[4] = SSH2_AGENT_SIGN_RESPONSE;
          PUT_32BIT(ret + 5, siglen);
          memcpy(ret + 5 + 4, signature, siglen);
          sfree(signature);
      }
      break;
      case SSH1_AGENTC_ADD_RSA_IDENTITY:
      /*
       * Add to the list and return SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS, or
       * SSH_AGENT_FAILURE if the key was malformed.
       */
      {
          struct RSAKey *key;
          char *comment;
            int n, commentlen;

          key = snew(struct RSAKey);
          memset(key, 0, sizeof(struct RSAKey));

          n = makekey(p, msgend - p, key, NULL, 1);
          if (n < 0) {
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }
          p += n;

          n = makeprivate(p, msgend - p, key);
          if (n < 0) {
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }
          p += n;

          n = ssh1_read_bignum(p, msgend - p, &key->iqmp);  /* p^-1 mod q */
          if (n < 0) {
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }
          p += n;

          n = ssh1_read_bignum(p, msgend - p, &key->p);  /* p */
          if (n < 0) {
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }
          p += n;

          n = ssh1_read_bignum(p, msgend - p, &key->q);  /* q */
          if (n < 0) {
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }
          p += n;

          if (msgend < p+4) {
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }
            commentlen = GET_32BIT(p);

          if (msgend < p+commentlen) {
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }

          comment = snewn(commentlen+1, char);
          if (comment) {
            memcpy(comment, p + 4, commentlen);
                comment[commentlen] = '\0';
            key->comment = comment;
          }
          PUT_32BIT(ret, 1);
          ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_FAILURE;
          if (add234(rsakeys, key) == key) {
            keylist_update();
            ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS;
          } else {
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
          }
      }
      break;
      case SSH2_AGENTC_ADD_IDENTITY:
      /*
       * Add to the list and return SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS, or
       * SSH_AGENT_FAILURE if the key was malformed.
       */
      {
          struct ssh2_userkey *key;
          char *comment, *alg;
          int alglen, commlen;
          int bloblen;


          if (msgend < p+4)
            goto failure;
          alglen = GET_32BIT(p);
          p += 4;
          if (msgend < p+alglen)
            goto failure;
          alg = p;
          p += alglen;

          key = snew(struct ssh2_userkey);
          /* Add further algorithm names here. */
          if (alglen == 7 && !memcmp(alg, "ssh-rsa", 7))
            key->alg = &ssh_rsa;
          else if (alglen == 7 && !memcmp(alg, "ssh-dss", 7))
            key->alg = &ssh_dss;
          else {
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }

          bloblen = msgend - p;
          key->data = key->alg->openssh_createkey(&p, &bloblen);
          if (!key->data) {
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }

          /*
           * p has been advanced by openssh_createkey, but
           * certainly not _beyond_ the end of the buffer.
           */
          assert(p <= msgend);

          if (msgend < p+4) {
            key->alg->freekey(key->data);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }
          commlen = GET_32BIT(p);
          p += 4;

          if (msgend < p+commlen) {
            key->alg->freekey(key->data);
            sfree(key);
            goto failure;
          }
          comment = snewn(commlen + 1, char);
          if (comment) {
            memcpy(comment, p, commlen);
            comment[commlen] = '\0';
          }
          key->comment = comment;

          PUT_32BIT(ret, 1);
          ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_FAILURE;
          if (add234(ssh2keys, key) == key) {
            keylist_update();
            ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS;
          } else {
            key->alg->freekey(key->data);
            sfree(key->comment);
            sfree(key);
          }
      }
      break;
      case SSH1_AGENTC_REMOVE_RSA_IDENTITY:
      /*
       * Remove from the list and return SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS, or
       * perhaps SSH_AGENT_FAILURE if it wasn't in the list to
       * start with.
       */
      {
          struct RSAKey reqkey, *key;
          int n;

          n = makekey(p, msgend - p, &reqkey, NULL, 0);
          if (n < 0)
            goto failure;

          key = find234(rsakeys, &reqkey, NULL);
          freebn(reqkey.exponent);
          freebn(reqkey.modulus);
          PUT_32BIT(ret, 1);
          ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_FAILURE;
          if (key) {
            del234(rsakeys, key);
            keylist_update();
            freersakey(key);
            sfree(key);
            ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS;
          }
      }
      break;
      case SSH2_AGENTC_REMOVE_IDENTITY:
      /*
       * Remove from the list and return SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS, or
       * perhaps SSH_AGENT_FAILURE if it wasn't in the list to
       * start with.
       */
      {
          struct ssh2_userkey *key;
          struct blob b;

          if (msgend < p+4)
            goto failure;
          b.len = GET_32BIT(p);
          p += 4;

          if (msgend < p+b.len)
            goto failure;
          b.blob = p;
          p += b.len;

          key = find234(ssh2keys, &b, cmpkeys_ssh2_asymm);
          if (!key)
            goto failure;

          PUT_32BIT(ret, 1);
          ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_FAILURE;
          if (key) {
            del234(ssh2keys, key);
            keylist_update();
            key->alg->freekey(key->data);
            sfree(key);
            ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS;
          }
      }
      break;
      case SSH1_AGENTC_REMOVE_ALL_RSA_IDENTITIES:
      /*
       * Remove all SSH1 keys. Always returns success.
       */
      {
          struct RSAKey *rkey;

          while ((rkey = index234(rsakeys, 0)) != NULL) {
            del234(rsakeys, rkey);
            freersakey(rkey);
            sfree(rkey);
          }
          keylist_update();

          PUT_32BIT(ret, 1);
          ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS;
      }
      break;
      case SSH2_AGENTC_REMOVE_ALL_IDENTITIES:
      /*
       * Remove all SSH2 keys. Always returns success.
       */
      {
          struct ssh2_userkey *skey;

          while ((skey = index234(ssh2keys, 0)) != NULL) {
            del234(ssh2keys, skey);
            skey->alg->freekey(skey->data);
            sfree(skey);
          }
          keylist_update();

          PUT_32BIT(ret, 1);
          ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_SUCCESS;
      }
      break;
      default:
      failure:
      /*
       * Unrecognised message. Return SSH_AGENT_FAILURE.
       */
      PUT_32BIT(ret, 1);
      ret[4] = SSH_AGENT_FAILURE;
      break;
    }
}

/*
 * Key comparison function for the 2-3-4 tree of RSA keys.
 */
static int cmpkeys_rsa(void *av, void *bv)
{
    struct RSAKey *a = (struct RSAKey *) av;
    struct RSAKey *b = (struct RSAKey *) bv;
    Bignum am, bm;
    int alen, blen;

    am = a->modulus;
    bm = b->modulus;
    /*
     * Compare by length of moduli.
     */
    alen = bignum_bitcount(am);
    blen = bignum_bitcount(bm);
    if (alen > blen)
      return +1;
    else if (alen < blen)
      return -1;
    /*
     * Now compare by moduli themselves.
     */
    alen = (alen + 7) / 8;           /* byte count */
    while (alen-- > 0) {
      int abyte, bbyte;
      abyte = bignum_byte(am, alen);
      bbyte = bignum_byte(bm, alen);
      if (abyte > bbyte)
          return +1;
      else if (abyte < bbyte)
          return -1;
    }
    /*
     * Give up.
     */
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Key comparison function for the 2-3-4 tree of SSH2 keys.
 */
static int cmpkeys_ssh2(void *av, void *bv)
{
    struct ssh2_userkey *a = (struct ssh2_userkey *) av;
    struct ssh2_userkey *b = (struct ssh2_userkey *) bv;
    int i;
    int alen, blen;
    unsigned char *ablob, *bblob;
    int c;

    /*
     * Compare purely by public blob.
     */
    ablob = a->alg->public_blob(a->data, &alen);
    bblob = b->alg->public_blob(b->data, &blen);

    c = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < alen && i < blen; i++) {
      if (ablob[i] < bblob[i]) {
          c = -1;
          break;
      } else if (ablob[i] > bblob[i]) {
          c = +1;
          break;
      }
    }
    if (c == 0 && i < alen)
      c = +1;                        /* a is longer */
    if (c == 0 && i < blen)
      c = -1;                        /* a is longer */

    sfree(ablob);
    sfree(bblob);

    return c;
}

/*
 * Key comparison function for looking up a blob in the 2-3-4 tree
 * of SSH2 keys.
 */
static int cmpkeys_ssh2_asymm(void *av, void *bv)
{
    struct blob *a = (struct blob *) av;
    struct ssh2_userkey *b = (struct ssh2_userkey *) bv;
    int i;
    int alen, blen;
    unsigned char *ablob, *bblob;
    int c;

    /*
     * Compare purely by public blob.
     */
    ablob = a->blob;
    alen = a->len;
    bblob = b->alg->public_blob(b->data, &blen);

    c = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < alen && i < blen; i++) {
      if (ablob[i] < bblob[i]) {
          c = -1;
          break;
      } else if (ablob[i] > bblob[i]) {
          c = +1;
          break;
      }
    }
    if (c == 0 && i < alen)
      c = +1;                        /* a is longer */
    if (c == 0 && i < blen)
      c = -1;                        /* a is longer */

    sfree(bblob);

    return c;
}

/*
 * Prompt for a key file to add, and add it.
 */
static void prompt_add_keyfile(void)
{
    OPENFILENAME of;
    char filename[FILENAME_MAX];
    char *filelist = snewn(8192, char);
    char *filewalker;
    int n, dirlen;
      
    memset(&of, 0, sizeof(of));
#ifdef OPENFILENAME_SIZE_VERSION_400
    of.lStructSize = OPENFILENAME_SIZE_VERSION_400;
#else
    of.lStructSize = sizeof(of);
#endif
    of.hwndOwner = main_hwnd;
    of.lpstrFilter = "PuTTY Private Key Files (*.ppk)\0*.ppk\0"
      "All Files (*.*)\0*\0\0\0";
    of.lpstrCustomFilter = NULL;
    of.nFilterIndex = 1;
    of.lpstrFile = filelist;
    *filelist = '\0';
    of.nMaxFile = FILENAME_MAX;
    of.lpstrFileTitle = NULL;
    of.lpstrInitialDir = NULL;
    of.lpstrTitle = "Select Private Key File";
    of.Flags = OFN_ALLOWMULTISELECT | OFN_EXPLORER;
    if (GetOpenFileName(&of)) {
      if(strlen(filelist) > of.nFileOffset)
          /* Only one filename returned? */
          add_keyfile(filename_from_str(filelist));
      else {
          /* we are returned a bunch of strings, end to
           * end. first string is the directory, the
           * rest the filenames. terminated with an
           * empty string.
           */
          filewalker = filelist;
          dirlen = strlen(filewalker);
          if(dirlen > FILENAME_MAX - 8) return;
          memcpy(filename, filewalker, dirlen);

          filewalker += dirlen + 1;
          filename[dirlen++] = '\\';

          /* then go over names one by one */
          for(;;) {
            n = strlen(filewalker) + 1;
            /* end of the list */
            if(n == 1)
                break;
            /* too big, shouldn't happen */
            if(n + dirlen > FILENAME_MAX)
                break;

            memcpy(filename + dirlen, filewalker, n);
            filewalker += n;

            add_keyfile(filename_from_str(filename));
          }
      }

      keylist_update();
      forget_passphrases();
    }
    sfree(filelist);
}

/*
 * Dialog-box function for the key list box.
 */
static int CALLBACK KeyListProc(HWND hwnd, UINT msg,
                        WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    struct RSAKey *rkey;
    struct ssh2_userkey *skey;

    switch (msg) {
      case WM_INITDIALOG:
      /*
       * Centre the window.
       */
      {                        /* centre the window */
          RECT rs, rd;
          HWND hw;

          hw = GetDesktopWindow();
          if (GetWindowRect(hw, &rs) && GetWindowRect(hwnd, &rd))
            MoveWindow(hwnd,
                     (rs.right + rs.left + rd.left - rd.right) / 2,
                     (rs.bottom + rs.top + rd.top - rd.bottom) / 2,
                     rd.right - rd.left, rd.bottom - rd.top, TRUE);
      }

        if (help_path)
            SetWindowLong(hwnd, GWL_EXSTYLE,
                          GetWindowLong(hwnd, GWL_EXSTYLE) | WS_EX_CONTEXTHELP);
        else {
            HWND item = GetDlgItem(hwnd, 103);   /* the Help button */
            if (item)
                DestroyWindow(item);
        }
        requested_help = FALSE;

      keylist = hwnd;
      {
          static int tabs[] = { 35, 60, 210 };
          SendDlgItemMessage(hwnd, 100, LB_SETTABSTOPS,
                         sizeof(tabs) / sizeof(*tabs),
                         (LPARAM) tabs);
      }
      keylist_update();
      return 0;
      case WM_COMMAND:
      switch (LOWORD(wParam)) {
        case IDOK:
        case IDCANCEL:
          keylist = NULL;
          DestroyWindow(hwnd);
          return 0;
        case 101:              /* add key */
          if (HIWORD(wParam) == BN_CLICKED ||
            HIWORD(wParam) == BN_DOUBLECLICKED) {
            if (passphrase_box) {
                MessageBeep(MB_ICONERROR);
                SetForegroundWindow(passphrase_box);
                break;
            }
            prompt_add_keyfile();
          }
          return 0;
        case 102:              /* remove key */
          if (HIWORD(wParam) == BN_CLICKED ||
            HIWORD(wParam) == BN_DOUBLECLICKED) {
            int i;
            int rCount, sCount;
            int *selectedArray;
            
            /* our counter within the array of selected items */
            int itemNum;
            
            /* get the number of items selected in the list */
            int numSelected = 
                  SendDlgItemMessage(hwnd, 100, LB_GETSELCOUNT, 0, 0);
            
            /* none selected? that was silly */
            if (numSelected == 0) {
                MessageBeep(0);
                break;
            }

            /* get item indices in an array */
            selectedArray = snewn(numSelected, int);
            SendDlgItemMessage(hwnd, 100, LB_GETSELITEMS,
                        numSelected, (WPARAM)selectedArray);
            
            itemNum = numSelected - 1;
            rCount = count234(rsakeys);
            sCount = count234(ssh2keys);
            
            /* go through the non-rsakeys until we've covered them all, 
             * and/or we're out of selected items to check. note that
             * we go *backwards*, to avoid complications from deleting
             * things hence altering the offset of subsequent items
             */
          for (i = sCount - 1; (itemNum >= 0) && (i >= 0); i--) {
                  skey = index234(ssh2keys, i);
                  
                  if (selectedArray[itemNum] == rCount + i) {
                        del234(ssh2keys, skey);
                        skey->alg->freekey(skey->data);
                        sfree(skey);
                        itemNum--; 
                  }
            }
            
            /* do the same for the rsa keys */
            for (i = rCount - 1; (itemNum >= 0) && (i >= 0); i--) {
                  rkey = index234(rsakeys, i);

                  if(selectedArray[itemNum] == i) {
                        del234(rsakeys, rkey);
                        freersakey(rkey);
                        sfree(rkey);
                        itemNum--;
                  }
            }

            sfree(selectedArray); 
            keylist_update();
          }
          return 0;
        case 103:              /* help */
            if (HIWORD(wParam) == BN_CLICKED ||
                HIWORD(wParam) == BN_DOUBLECLICKED) {
                if (help_path) {
                    WinHelp(main_hwnd, help_path, HELP_COMMAND,
                            (DWORD)"JI(`',`pageant.general')");
                    requested_help = TRUE;
                }
            }
          return 0;
      }
      return 0;
      case WM_HELP:
        if (help_path) {
            int id = ((LPHELPINFO)lParam)->iCtrlId;
            char *cmd = NULL;
            switch (id) {
              case 100: cmd = "JI(`',`pageant.keylist')"; break;
              case 101: cmd = "JI(`',`pageant.addkey')"; break;
              case 102: cmd = "JI(`',`pageant.remkey')"; break;
            }
            if (cmd) {
                WinHelp(main_hwnd, help_path, HELP_COMMAND, (DWORD)cmd);
                requested_help = TRUE;
            } else {
                MessageBeep(0);
            }
        }
        break;
      case WM_CLOSE:
      keylist = NULL;
      DestroyWindow(hwnd);
      return 0;
    }
    return 0;
}

/* Set up a system tray icon */
static BOOL AddTrayIcon(HWND hwnd)
{
    BOOL res;
    NOTIFYICONDATA tnid;
    HICON hicon;

#ifdef NIM_SETVERSION
    tnid.uVersion = 0;
    res = Shell_NotifyIcon(NIM_SETVERSION, &tnid);
#endif

    tnid.cbSize = sizeof(NOTIFYICONDATA);
    tnid.hWnd = hwnd;
    tnid.uID = 1;        /* unique within this systray use */
    tnid.uFlags = NIF_MESSAGE | NIF_ICON | NIF_TIP;
    tnid.uCallbackMessage = WM_SYSTRAY;
    tnid.hIcon = hicon = LoadIcon(instance, MAKEINTRESOURCE(201));
    strcpy(tnid.szTip, "Pageant (PuTTY authentication agent)");

    res = Shell_NotifyIcon(NIM_ADD, &tnid);

    if (hicon) DestroyIcon(hicon);
    
    return res;
}

/* Update the saved-sessions menu. */
static void update_sessions(void)
{
    int num_entries;
    HKEY hkey;
    TCHAR buf[MAX_PATH + 1];
    MENUITEMINFO mii;

    int index_key, index_menu;

    if (!putty_path)
      return;

    if(ERROR_SUCCESS != RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, PUTTY_REGKEY, &hkey))
      return;

    for(num_entries = GetMenuItemCount(session_menu);
      num_entries > initial_menuitems_count;
      num_entries--)
      RemoveMenu(session_menu, 0, MF_BYPOSITION);

    index_key = 0;
    index_menu = 0;

    while(ERROR_SUCCESS == RegEnumKey(hkey, index_key, buf, MAX_PATH)) {
      TCHAR session_name[MAX_PATH + 1];
      unmungestr(buf, session_name, MAX_PATH);
      if(strcmp(buf, PUTTY_DEFAULT) != 0) {
          memset(&mii, 0, sizeof(mii));
          mii.cbSize = sizeof(mii);
          mii.fMask = MIIM_TYPE | MIIM_STATE | MIIM_ID;
          mii.fType = MFT_STRING;
          mii.fState = MFS_ENABLED;
          mii.wID = (index_menu * 16) + IDM_SESSIONS_BASE;
          mii.dwTypeData = session_name;
          InsertMenuItem(session_menu, index_menu, TRUE, &mii);
          index_menu++;
      }
      index_key++;
    }

    RegCloseKey(hkey);

    if(index_menu == 0) {
      mii.cbSize = sizeof(mii);
      mii.fMask = MIIM_TYPE | MIIM_STATE;
      mii.fType = MFT_STRING;
      mii.fState = MFS_GRAYED;
      mii.dwTypeData = _T("(No sessions)");
      InsertMenuItem(session_menu, index_menu, TRUE, &mii);
    }
}

static LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT message,
                        WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    int ret;
    static int menuinprogress;
    static UINT msgTaskbarCreated = 0;

    switch (message) {
      case WM_CREATE:
        msgTaskbarCreated = RegisterWindowMessage(_T("TaskbarCreated"));
        break;
      default:
        if (message==msgTaskbarCreated) {
            /*
           * Explorer has been restarted, so the tray icon will
           * have been lost.
           */
          AddTrayIcon(hwnd);
        }
        break;
        
      case WM_SYSTRAY:
      if (lParam == WM_RBUTTONUP) {
          POINT cursorpos;
          GetCursorPos(&cursorpos);
          PostMessage(hwnd, WM_SYSTRAY2, cursorpos.x, cursorpos.y);
      } else if (lParam == WM_LBUTTONDBLCLK) {
          /* Equivalent to IDM_VIEWKEYS. */
          PostMessage(hwnd, WM_COMMAND, IDM_VIEWKEYS, 0);
      }
      break;
      case WM_SYSTRAY2:
      if (!menuinprogress) {
          menuinprogress = 1;
          update_sessions();
          SetForegroundWindow(hwnd);
          ret = TrackPopupMenu(systray_menu,
                         TPM_RIGHTALIGN | TPM_BOTTOMALIGN |
                         TPM_RIGHTBUTTON,
                         wParam, lParam, 0, hwnd, NULL);
          menuinprogress = 0;
      }
      break;
      case WM_COMMAND:
      case WM_SYSCOMMAND:
      switch (wParam & ~0xF) {       /* low 4 bits reserved to Windows */
        case IDM_PUTTY:
          if((int)ShellExecute(hwnd, NULL, putty_path, _T(""), _T(""),
                         SW_SHOW) <= 32) {
            MessageBox(NULL, "Unable to execute PuTTY!",
                     "Error", MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
          }
          break;
        case IDM_CLOSE:
          if (passphrase_box)
            SendMessage(passphrase_box, WM_CLOSE, 0, 0);
          SendMessage(hwnd, WM_CLOSE, 0, 0);
          break;
        case IDM_VIEWKEYS:
          if (!keylist) {
            keylist = CreateDialog(instance, MAKEINTRESOURCE(211),
                               NULL, KeyListProc);
            ShowWindow(keylist, SW_SHOWNORMAL);
          }
          /* 
           * Sometimes the window comes up minimised / hidden for
           * no obvious reason. Prevent this. This also brings it
           * to the front if it's already present (the user
           * selected View Keys because they wanted to _see_ the
           * thing).
           */
          SetForegroundWindow(keylist);
          SetWindowPos(keylist, HWND_TOP, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                   SWP_NOMOVE | SWP_NOSIZE | SWP_SHOWWINDOW);
          break;
        case IDM_ADDKEY:
          if (passphrase_box) {
            MessageBeep(MB_ICONERROR);
            SetForegroundWindow(passphrase_box);
            break;
          }
          prompt_add_keyfile();
          break;
        case IDM_ABOUT:
          if (!aboutbox) {
            aboutbox = CreateDialog(instance, MAKEINTRESOURCE(213),
                              NULL, AboutProc);
            ShowWindow(aboutbox, SW_SHOWNORMAL);
            /* 
             * Sometimes the window comes up minimised / hidden
             * for no obvious reason. Prevent this.
             */
            SetForegroundWindow(aboutbox);
            SetWindowPos(aboutbox, HWND_TOP, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                       SWP_NOMOVE | SWP_NOSIZE | SWP_SHOWWINDOW);
          }
          break;
        case IDM_HELP:
            if (help_path) {
                WinHelp(main_hwnd, help_path, HELP_COMMAND,
                        (DWORD)"JI(`',`pageant.general')");
                requested_help = TRUE;
            }
          break;
        default:
          {
            if(wParam >= IDM_SESSIONS_BASE && wParam <= IDM_SESSIONS_MAX) {
                MENUITEMINFO mii;
                TCHAR buf[MAX_PATH + 1];
                TCHAR param[MAX_PATH + 1];
                memset(&mii, 0, sizeof(mii));
                mii.cbSize = sizeof(mii);
                mii.fMask = MIIM_TYPE;
                mii.cch = MAX_PATH;
                mii.dwTypeData = buf;
                GetMenuItemInfo(session_menu, wParam, FALSE, &mii);
                strcpy(param, "@");
                strcat(param, mii.dwTypeData);
                if((int)ShellExecute(hwnd, NULL, putty_path, param,
                               _T(""), SW_SHOW) <= 32) {
                  MessageBox(NULL, "Unable to execute PuTTY!", "Error",
                           MB_OK | MB_ICONERROR);
                }
            }
          }
          break;
      }
      break;
      case WM_DESTROY:
        if (requested_help) {
            WinHelp(main_hwnd, help_path, HELP_QUIT, 0);
            requested_help = FALSE;
        }
      PostQuitMessage(0);
      return 0;
      case WM_COPYDATA:
      {
          COPYDATASTRUCT *cds;
          char *mapname;
          void *p;
          HANDLE filemap;
#ifndef NO_SECURITY
          HANDLE proc;
          PSID mapowner, procowner;
          PSECURITY_DESCRIPTOR psd1 = NULL, psd2 = NULL;
#endif
          int ret = 0;

          cds = (COPYDATASTRUCT *) lParam;
          if (cds->dwData != AGENT_COPYDATA_ID)
            return 0;          /* not our message, mate */
          mapname = (char *) cds->lpData;
          if (mapname[cds->cbData - 1] != '\0')
            return 0;          /* failure to be ASCIZ! */
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
          debug(("mapname is :%s:\n", mapname));
#endif
          filemap = OpenFileMapping(FILE_MAP_ALL_ACCESS, FALSE, mapname);
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
          debug(("filemap is %p\n", filemap));
#endif
          if (filemap != NULL && filemap != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
#ifndef NO_SECURITY
            int rc;
            if (has_security) {
                if ((proc = OpenProcess(MAXIMUM_ALLOWED, FALSE,
                                  GetCurrentProcessId())) ==
                  NULL) {
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
                  debug(("couldn't get handle for process\n"));
#endif
                  return 0;
                }
                if (getsecurityinfo(proc, SE_KERNEL_OBJECT,
                              OWNER_SECURITY_INFORMATION,
                              &procowner, NULL, NULL, NULL,
                              &psd2) != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
                  debug(("couldn't get owner info for process\n"));
#endif
                  CloseHandle(proc);
                  return 0;      /* unable to get security info */
                }
                CloseHandle(proc);
                if ((rc = getsecurityinfo(filemap, SE_KERNEL_OBJECT,
                                    OWNER_SECURITY_INFORMATION,
                                    &mapowner, NULL, NULL, NULL,
                                    &psd1) != ERROR_SUCCESS)) {
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
                  debug(
                        ("couldn't get owner info for filemap: %d\n",
                         rc));
#endif
                  return 0;
                }
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
                debug(("got security stuff\n"));
#endif
                if (!EqualSid(mapowner, procowner))
                  return 0;      /* security ID mismatch! */
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
                debug(("security stuff matched\n"));
#endif
                LocalFree(psd1);
                LocalFree(psd2);
            } else {
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
                debug(("security APIs not present\n"));
#endif
            }
#endif
            p = MapViewOfFile(filemap, FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, 0);
#ifdef DEBUG_IPC
            debug(("p is %p\n", p));
            {
                int i;
                for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
                  debug(
                        ("p[%d]=%02x\n", i,
                         ((unsigned char *) p)[i]));}
#endif
            answer_msg(p);
            ret = 1;
            UnmapViewOfFile(p);
          }
          CloseHandle(filemap);
          return ret;
      }
    }

    return DefWindowProc(hwnd, message, wParam, lParam);
}

/*
 * Fork and Exec the command in cmdline. [DBW]
 */
void spawn_cmd(char *cmdline, char * args, int show)
{
    if (ShellExecute(NULL, _T("open"), cmdline,
                 args, NULL, show) <= (HINSTANCE) 32) {
      char *msg;
      msg = dupprintf("Failed to run \"%.100s\", Error: %d", cmdline,
                  (int)GetLastError());
      MessageBox(NULL, msg, APPNAME, MB_OK | MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
      sfree(msg);
    }
}

/*
 * This is a can't-happen stub, since Pageant never makes
 * asynchronous agent requests.
 */
void agent_schedule_callback(void (*callback)(void *, void *, int),
                       void *callback_ctx, void *data, int len)
{
    assert(!"We shouldn't get here");
}

void cleanup_exit(int code) { exit(code); }

int flags = FLAG_SYNCAGENT;

int WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE inst, HINSTANCE prev, LPSTR cmdline, int show)
{
    WNDCLASS wndclass;
    MSG msg;
    HMODULE advapi;
    char *command = NULL;
    int added_keys = 0;
    int argc, i;
    char **argv, **argstart;

    /*
     * Determine whether we're an NT system (should have security
     * APIs) or a non-NT system (don't do security).
     */
    if (!init_winver())
    {
      modalfatalbox("Windows refuses to report a version");
    }
    if (osVersion.dwPlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT) {
      has_security = TRUE;
    } else
      has_security = FALSE;

    if (has_security) {
#ifndef NO_SECURITY
      /*
       * Attempt to get the security API we need.
       */
      advapi = LoadLibrary("ADVAPI32.DLL");
      getsecurityinfo =
          (gsi_fn_t) GetProcAddress(advapi, "GetSecurityInfo");
      if (!getsecurityinfo) {
          MessageBox(NULL,
                   "Unable to access security APIs. Pageant will\n"
                   "not run, in case it causes a security breach.",
                   "Pageant Fatal Error", MB_ICONERROR | MB_OK);
          return 1;
      }
#else
      MessageBox(NULL,
               "This program has been compiled for Win9X and will\n"
               "not run on NT, in case it causes a security breach.",
               "Pageant Fatal Error", MB_ICONERROR | MB_OK);
      return 1;
#endif
    } else
      advapi = NULL;

    instance = inst;

    /*
     * See if we can find our Help file.
     */
    {
        char b[2048], *p, *q, *r;
        FILE *fp;
        GetModuleFileName(NULL, b, sizeof(b) - 1);
        r = b;
        p = strrchr(b, '\\');
        if (p && p >= r) r = p+1;
        q = strrchr(b, ':');
        if (q && q >= r) r = q+1;
        strcpy(r, "putty.hlp");
        if ( (fp = fopen(b, "r")) != NULL) {
            help_path = dupstr(b);
            fclose(fp);
        } else
            help_path = NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Look for the PuTTY binary (we will enable the saved session
     * submenu if we find it).
     */
    {
        char b[2048], *p, *q, *r;
        FILE *fp;
        GetModuleFileName(NULL, b, sizeof(b) - 1);
        r = b;
        p = strrchr(b, '\\');
        if (p && p >= r) r = p+1;
        q = strrchr(b, ':');
        if (q && q >= r) r = q+1;
        strcpy(r, "putty.exe");
        if ( (fp = fopen(b, "r")) != NULL) {
            putty_path = dupstr(b);
            fclose(fp);
        } else
            putty_path = NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Find out if Pageant is already running.
     */
    already_running = FALSE;
    if (agent_exists())
      already_running = TRUE;
    else {

      if (!prev) {
          wndclass.style = 0;
          wndclass.lpfnWndProc = WndProc;
          wndclass.cbClsExtra = 0;
          wndclass.cbWndExtra = 0;
          wndclass.hInstance = inst;
          wndclass.hIcon = LoadIcon(inst, MAKEINTRESOURCE(IDI_MAINICON));
          wndclass.hCursor = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_IBEAM);
          wndclass.hbrBackground = GetStockObject(BLACK_BRUSH);
          wndclass.lpszMenuName = NULL;
          wndclass.lpszClassName = APPNAME;

          RegisterClass(&wndclass);
      }

      main_hwnd = keylist = NULL;

      main_hwnd = CreateWindow(APPNAME, APPNAME,
                                 WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW | WS_VSCROLL,
                                 CW_USEDEFAULT, CW_USEDEFAULT,
                                 100, 100, NULL, NULL, inst, NULL);

      /* Set up a system tray icon */
      AddTrayIcon(main_hwnd);

        /* Accelerators used: nsvkxa */
        systray_menu = CreatePopupMenu();
      if (putty_path) {
          session_menu = CreateMenu();
          AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_ENABLED, IDM_PUTTY, "&New Session");
          AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_POPUP | MF_ENABLED,
                   (UINT) session_menu, "&Saved Sessions");
          AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, 0);
      }
        AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_ENABLED, IDM_VIEWKEYS,
               "&View Keys");
        AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_ENABLED, IDM_ADDKEY, "Add &Key");
      AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, 0);
        if (help_path)
            AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_ENABLED, IDM_HELP, "&Help");
        AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_ENABLED, IDM_ABOUT, "&About");
      AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_SEPARATOR, 0, 0);
        AppendMenu(systray_menu, MF_ENABLED, IDM_CLOSE, "E&xit");
      initial_menuitems_count = GetMenuItemCount(session_menu);

      ShowWindow(main_hwnd, SW_HIDE);

      /*
       * Initialise storage for RSA keys.
       */
      rsakeys = newtree234(cmpkeys_rsa);
      ssh2keys = newtree234(cmpkeys_ssh2);

    }

    /*
     * Initialise storage for short-term passphrase cache.
     */
    passphrases = newtree234(NULL);

    /*
     * Process the command line and add keys as listed on it.
     */
    split_into_argv(cmdline, &argc, &argv, &argstart);
    for (i = 0; i < argc; i++) {
      if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-c")) {
          /*
           * If we see `-c', then the rest of the
           * command line should be treated as a
           * command to be spawned.
           */
          if (i < argc-1)
            command = argstart[i+1];
          else
            command = "";
          break;
      } else {
          add_keyfile(filename_from_str(argv[i]));
          added_keys = TRUE;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Forget any passphrase that we retained while going over
     * command line keyfiles.
     */
    forget_passphrases();

    if (command) {
      char *args;
      if (command[0] == '"')
          args = strchr(++command, '"');
      else
          args = strchr(command, ' ');
      if (args) {
          *args++ = 0;
          while(*args && isspace(*args)) args++;
      }
      spawn_cmd(command, args, show);
    }

    /*
     * If Pageant was already running, we leave now. If we haven't
     * even taken any auxiliary action (spawned a command or added
     * keys), complain.
     */
    if (already_running) {
      if (!command && !added_keys) {
          MessageBox(NULL, "Pageant is already running", "Pageant Error",
                   MB_ICONERROR | MB_OK);
      }
      if (advapi)
          FreeLibrary(advapi);
      return 0;
    }

    /*
     * Main message loop.
     */
    while (GetMessage(&msg, NULL, 0, 0) == 1) {
      if (!(IsWindow(keylist) && IsDialogMessage(keylist, &msg)) &&
          !(IsWindow(aboutbox) && IsDialogMessage(aboutbox, &msg))) {
          TranslateMessage(&msg);
          DispatchMessage(&msg);
      }
    }

    /* Clean up the system tray icon */
    {
      NOTIFYICONDATA tnid;

      tnid.cbSize = sizeof(NOTIFYICONDATA);
      tnid.hWnd = main_hwnd;
      tnid.uID = 1;

      Shell_NotifyIcon(NIM_DELETE, &tnid);

      DestroyMenu(systray_menu);
    }

    if (advapi)
      FreeLibrary(advapi);
    return msg.wParam;
}

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